Skin Cancer Overview

in Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the world and can be caused by repeated exposure to UV light commonly seen from the sun or tanning beds. At our office, we offer cancer reconstruction to help restore the aesthetic and functional appearance of the areas that were affected.

Interested in a quote? Build your dream body and get up-to-date pricing without waiting.

Types of Skin Cancer

Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma are the three most common types of skin cancer to affect the ears and nose.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

This is the most common form of skin cancer. It usually occurs on areas of the body that are commonly exposed to the sun. This type of cancer usually appears as a pearly or waxy bump, or a flat, flesh-colored or brown scar-like lesion.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

This is the second most common type of skin cancer. It occurs in areas exposed to the sun. However, individuals with darker skin are more likely to develop this form of skin cancer in areas that are not often exposed to the sun. Squamous Cell Carcinoma may appear as a flat lesion with scaly or crusted surface, or a firm, red nodule.


Melanoma can develop anywhere on the body, including existing moles that become cancerous. It is the deadliest form of skin cancer, which is why early detection is so important. It can affect individuals of any skin tone, and signs usually include a large, brown spot with dark speckles, a mole that changes color, size, or feel, a small lesion with an irregular border, or dark lesions that appear on your palms, fingertips, toes, mouth, or nose.

Before & After



After being diagnosed with skin cancer, it is important that individuals remove the cancerous lesions/areas as soon as possible. When it comes to reconstruction, the extent of your procedure to remove the cancerous lesion will affect the type of reconstruction technique necessary. There are a number of cancer treatment options, including surgery to remove cancerous growths, which may result in missing skin, underlying bone, or tissue. Cancer reconstructive surgery can help to repair appearance and functionality for a better quality of life. When it comes to cancer reconstruction, there are a number of techniques that can be used to achieve a natural-looking result, including:

Skin Grafting

Involves removing skin from one area of the body and using it to repair a defect in another location.

Local Flap Reconstruction

Involves using skin that is immediately adjacent to the site of the cancer to repair the defect. There are many types of local flaps, each with different designs to fill the cancer defect.


Reconstruction of the ear can be a complex process, which the ear’s many curves, peaks, and valleys. Dr. Cusimano fully understands the details of the ear’s anatomy, which is important when reconstructing a natural-looking outcome. The ear is a very common site for skin cancer, as it is commonly exposed to the sun when outdoors.


Because the nose is located at the very center of the face, it helps to balance out the symmetry of the face, as well as holds crucial functional importance with breathing. The nose consists of various skin layers of different thickness over a supporting framework of cartilage and bone. Cancer can affect any of these components, and each of them needs to be carefully reconstructed to achieve a functional and aesthetic result.


The good news is that most skin cancers are preventable. By following these tips, you can protect yourself from skin cancer in the future:

  • Avoid the sun mid-day.
  • Wear sunscreen all year.
  • Wear protective clothing when in the sun.
  • Avoid tanning beds.
  • Check your skin regularly for suspicious lesions.


Following cancer reconstruction of the ear or nose, most patients can return to work or school after two weeks, though it may take up to six months for the body to heal completely. Patients will need to return to the office to have any sutures removed, as well as allow Dr. Cusimano to assess your healing process. It is important to follow Dr. Cusimano’s post-op instructions to ensure a smooth recovery.


Reconstructive surgery is generally covered by most health insurance policies, though it is best to check with your provider to confirm this.